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It can occur in the mammary gland or adipose tissue due to an excess of adipose tissue. Gynecomastia is known as breast enlargement in men. It is a condition that occurs due to an imbalance of the hormones testosterone and estrogen and is defined as the growth of breast tissue. It occurs in about half of adult male individuals. This leads to psychological problems that, in addition to aesthetic problems, also reduce the quality of life of the individual. It can occur in boys entering puberty and in older men. It is known that it occurs due to hormone imbalance. Higher estrogen levels cause breast tissue to swell.

Causes of Breast Enlargement in Men

Breast tissue growth in the male body can be associated with many different causes of hormonal changes. Wearing athletes, hormone treatments, various methods used externally, extreme sports, weight loss techniques do not prevent breast growth in men. Various conditions that cause the condition of gynecomastia include:

  • Injury and trauma
  • Tumors of the adrenal gland and pituitary gland
  • Congenital disorders
  • Goiter
  • Ovarian and kidney diseases
  • Some types of cancer, such as liver and lung cancer
  • Drug and alcohol use
  • Heart drugs, hormone drugs, cancer drugs
  • Hormone problems
  • Weight gain and obesity

What Are the Symptoms of Gynecomastia?

The main symptom of gynecomastia is the growth of one or both breasts. The growth state can occur in both breast tissues, but in some cases it can also occur in one breast. Breast enlargement can be uniform or irregular according to the nipple. In a rubbery or hard structure, growth can be noticed immediately from the posterior section of the nipple. At this stage, a condition of tenderness and pain may appear when the breast or nipple is touched. It is also important to distinguish this condition from male breast cancer. In the case of cancer, mostly only one breast is affected, and the tissue does not necessarily have to be firm and tight. One of the conditions that leads to breast swelling in men is a breast abscess. Affected people may experience chills or fever. The swelling can be extremely painful and hot to the touch.

Before Gynecomastia Surgery

Care should be taken not to cause sunburn as a result of prolonged exposure to the sun up to two weeks before the application. From one week before the date of application, if any disease has been passed, the physician should definitely be informed. Smoking should not be taken until at least three weeks before the operation and alcohol should not be taken until 2 days before the operation. Food and beverage consumption should be stopped at least five hours before the operation. Blood thinners should not be taken for at least ten days before the operation.

How is Gynecomastia Surgery Performed?

Breast reduction surgery, which aims to restore the individual to dynamic, fit, healthy and athletic breasts, is a preferred type of operation to eliminate the lubrication, bulging, growth, sagging and cracking condition that occurs in this area. How to make an application for your breast enlargement complaint depends on age, health status and the results of the treatments applied.

If gynecomastia occurs at the time of puberty, it mostly passes by itself. This condition can last from six months to three years. If it occurs due to a disturbance in the balance of hormones due to another health problem, breast surgery is required. The operation is performed by liposuction or excision technique.

After Gynecomastia Surgery

The healing process after breast reduction surgery takes up to several weeks. During this process, swelling, pain and bruising may appear in the breast. Particular attention should be paid to lying flat and not showering until three days after the operation. A corset should be used day and night for up to three weeks. Thanks to this, it will be possible to accelerate the healing process and alleviate the swelling condition.

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