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Periodontitis is an important gum disease that destroys the soft tissues and bone that make it possible for the tooth to stand in the mouth. With the melting of the bone surrounding the root part of the tooth, the gum does not adhere to the jaw and root bone as before. In the lower part of the gum occurs a depth called the gum pocket, where bacteria accumulate. When left untreated, this condition can first lead to tooth loss or indirectly trigger serious health problems such as stroke or heart attack.

Periodontitis is a health problem that occurs frequently and can usually be prevented. It develops due to the progression of gingivitis as a result of inadequate oral and dental care. Routine brushing and flossing every day prevents the occurrence of periodontitis at a high rate.

What Are the Symptoms of Periodontitis?

The symptoms of periodontitis can be listed as follows:

  • A feeling that the teeth are incompatible with each other during chewing
  • Loose teeth
  • Bad taste sensation in the mouth
  • Bad breath
  • Pus coming out between the teeth and under the gum
  • Opening the distance between the teeth
  • Gingival recession and associated longer visible teeth
  • Sensitive gums that bleed to the touch
  • Bright red or purplish gums
  • Swollen gums

What Are Periodontitis Risk Factors?

Risk factors for periodontitis include:

  • Socio-economic status
  • Incompatible restorations
  • Hormonal change states
  • Malnutrition
  • Immune system diseases such as leukemia, AIDS
  • Age
  • Diabetes
  • Tobacco use
  • Poor oral care
  • Heredity
  • Gingivitis

When to See a Physician for Periodontitis?

Healthy gums are light pink in color and have a tight consistency. If your gums have excessive swelling, if they bleed in a dark red tone and frequently, or if there are other symptoms of periodontitis, it is important to see a dentist. The faster you see the dentist, the less affected you will be by the devastating consequences of the condition. This is an important step for your overall health. Although there are various types of periodontitis, the most common is the chronic type that affects people over 35 years of age. The type of this problem that affects young people and children is known as aggressive periodontitis.

Complications of Periodontitis

Various complications of gum problems can come as a nasty surprise. Research shows that the bacteria responsible for this condition are involved in the bloodstream, affecting various parts of the body. For example, bacteria can access the heart vessels and negatively trigger the process, which can lead to vascular narrowing in the relevant area. This means the beginning of processes that result in a heart attack. Other complications:

  • Respiratory problems
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Underweight birth
  • Stroke
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Tooth loss

Flap Operation

This application is carried out in order to eliminate the focus of the disorder called gum pocket and to regain the bone tissue lost with it. The gum is removed by performing an amount of cutting as if taking a long nail from the edge of the gum. The gum is spaced and the inflamed tissue under it is cleaned. After this point, the root surface is removed and leveled. The bone is corrected in terms of shape and rodent reproduction is performed. The gum is sutured in place by restoring its anatomical shape. This application is mostly done in half of the jaw at a time. If the entire oral structure needs this kind of processing, the treatment is completed in four sessions in total, once a week. The operation of one area takes an average of an hour.

Soft Tissue Grafts

The gum may recede due to periodontitis or due to various anatomical reasons. This situation makes it obligatory to perform gum transplantation in the relevant region. Gum transplantation is done by removing a thin piece of gum in the palate area and suturing it to the missing area. While this application positively affects the aesthetic appearance, on the other hand, it covers the exposed root surface.

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